Open and Cultural sites, both those that currently exist, and those that may come in the future, are a critical connection for Banbai people with country.
Wattleridge IPA contains the only recorded axe grinding groove sites and fully recorded art sites in the local area (Wattleridge Indigenous Protected Area Information Sheet).
Crew at al. (2009) provide a guide to the type of sites on the Tarriwa IPA, whioch can be used as a general guide for the IPAs.
- Open campsites -comprising scattered artefacts, implements and charcoal. These sites indicate more than one-off use. Readily available resources of stone and food in the local area provide a stable resource to support small groups of people over extended periods of time. These sites are expected to be located on the open terraces above Limestone and Moredun Creeks.
- Scarred Trees provide evidence of the removal of bark for containers, shields and canoes. Bark may also be used for shelter and in burial ceremonies. These occur throughout the landscape wherever suitable trees are located. They are generally associated with uncleared land however many scarred trees can be found on old timber either standing or fallen. They are expected to be found throughout the property.
- Food and Medicine Plant Areas – support food and medicine plants to enable the community to maintain a healthy as well as a range of land and aquatic animals.
- Other sites and locations – These include marker trees – trees which contain markers indicating restricted areas or boundaries as well as education areas, occupation sites, evidence of stone tool manufacture
The NRM MERI Plan (Wattleridge & Tarriwa Kurrukun Indigenous Protected Areas July 2011) identified a series of priority activities related to cultural/open sites on the Tarriwah IPA (scarred trees, axe grinding grooves, isolated artefacts) including establishing buffer zones around cultural sites and developing a field marking system.